ARE FASCIAL STRAINS INVOLVED IN CHRONIC PELVIC PAIN SYNDROME? AN EXPLORATORY MATCHED CASE–CONTROL STUDY
Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) and chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS) do not have a definite cause, even if their impact on quality of life was demonstrated. Furthermore, there is evidence of myofascial dysfunctions in a large number of CPP/CPPS, so that the role of fascia can be hypothesized.
The aim of this exploratory matched case–control study was to assess whether fascial strains (FS) represent a factor associated with CPP/CPPS. The study followed the “Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology” (STROBE) statement. We collected data from 189 subjects (cases: 58; controls: 131) who attended the clinic. The participants were managed through a 2:1 enrollment ratio. A standardized booklet requested for clinical information, previous FS and the following questionnaires: “National Institutes of Health Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index” (NIH-CPSI), “Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale” (HADS), “Fear Avoidance Belief Questionnaire” (FABQ). Each subject underwent a palpatory assessment to detect abnormal palpatory findings in the pelvic area.
The analyses showed that episiotomy, genito-urinary infections and surgery had a significantly increased odds ratio (OR) of 4.13, 3.1 and 3.08, respectively. FS as a whole had a significantly raised OR: 2.22 (1.14 to 4.33). The analysis was adjusted for physical activity and for type of job and OR decreased to 1.94 (0.82 to 4.61), losing its significance (p = 0.129). A strong correlation between symptoms’ impact and CPP/CPPS was detected (rpbs = 0.710; p p
KEYWORDS: FASCIAL STRAINS